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【买卖】在美国买狗的话,分享几点建议

本文是针对美国国情来写的,国内基于条件和各种因素,也许这篇文章很多地方不适用。但是,不论在国内还是国外,我都反对无序繁殖。何为无序繁殖?没条件给自己的狗做遗传病测试的、明知道自己的狗有遗传病还让生的、养了母狗不到年龄就配,而且每年生一窝的,非要让生但自己却养不了的,外加上无良狗场,这些都算无序繁殖。

我更反对向无序繁殖买狗的人,因为这种人的存在,种公种母过着地狱般的生活。吃不好睡不好,唯一的事情就是生小狗。宠物店和狗市的狗,不都是从家养繁殖和狗场收来的。所以,在宠物店或家养繁殖买的,请慎重。若自身条件是只能找同城家养的,那就多买几种试纸,多学学幼犬初养的知识吧。

很多人觉得美国的繁殖者大部分比国内负责。其实美国也有很多puppy mill(无良狗场)在冒充犬舍的。以及不良犬舍在骗钱!所以…在此给大家几点建议。如果你是买狗而不是领养的话,那么一定要找靠谱的犬舍。何为靠谱?下 面是Questionnaire list(询问breeder的问题列表),能都回答上来,并允许访问犬舍的才算靠谱。

1. How long have you been breeding (breed of dog)?
你繁殖狗多久了?(这个一般在犬舍的历史页会写,breeder会介绍自己)

2. Why do you breed (Their breed)?
你为什么繁殖这个犬种?

3. What are the strengths and weakness of your bloodlines. ALL dogs have these, be leery of "oh my dogs don't have problems"!

你的狗血系里,强项和弱项分别是什么?
如果breeder说”我的狗没有问题!”,就要提高警惕。
4. Where was the litter whelped (in the house, in the garage, a kennel) they need to be raised in the house, for good socialization.
幼犬是在哪里长大?(屋里、车库、院子)通常幼犬应该是在屋子里
这样会有好的社交。

5. Are the parents of the puppies both O.F.A.ed,thyroid, eyes (CERFcertified) or vWD tested and ask to see the certificates. (If the people don't know what you are talking about, don't walk but run as fast as you can away from them.)

OFA和VWD都是验证狗是否有遗传病的机构。
问breeder,幼犬的父母是否有OFA的各项证明(甲状腺、眼睛、髋关节之类的)
如果犬舍说他们没有,或者不知道。直接不必考虑此犬舍

6. Did you have any test done on the parents before you bred them? (Dogs can carry a VD like disease that can be given to humans.)
你在用种公种母繁殖之前,是否做了任何健康测试?
狗也会携带性病。

7. Ask to see at least a 3 generation pedigree ofthe litter.
要求犬舍提供至少3代的族谱图。

8. Shots & worming, and how many have the puppies had?
幼犬已经打了几针疫苗,做了几次体内驱虫?
9. What is the different temperaments of the puppies? Your breeder should be able to tell the temperament of each puppy in the litter. Why do you need to know this??If you lead a quiet life, you don't want a "busy bee" puppy and vice versa.
幼犬之间的性格有什么区别?你的breeder应该可以告诉你每只狗之间的不同。
为什么问这个?因为你不希望养一只有性格缺陷的狗。

10. How big or small do you think the dog will be? In Shelties this is hard to determine, we can give you an 'approximate' height, but exact height and weight are not determinable.

这只狗成年后会长多大?在收容所里,很难保证。
但是breeder应该会给你大概的肩高和体重

11. What type of grooming does a (breed) take?
这种狗需要什么养的洗澡美容方式?

12. Have they ever showed any dogs in Conformation, Obedience, Agility, herding, or other "Titled" activity: depending on the breed of the dog there are several different types of activities available.
这家犬舍有带狗参赛吗?选美、服从、敏捷、放牧等等。
13. What age do they let their puppies go? (Do not take a puppy before it is 8 wks old.). In some states it might be a law as well.
breeder会在幼犬多大年龄时让它们离舍?
(不要把8周以下的幼犬带回家,有些州规定犬舍不许出售8周以下的狗)
14. Are they a member of any dog clubs?
这家犬舍是一些犬种俱乐部的会员吗?

15. I also like to ask breeders what their long term plans are: good answer, I want to improve on my bloodlines or improve the breed, etc and bad answer, I want to make big money fast, who knows just buy this puppy

我想知道犬舍的长期计划是什么。
好的答案:我希望去让这个血系进步,或者让这个犬种有更好的发展
坏答案:我想尽快赚大钱。不管谁来买这只狗

16. Last but not least what kind of guarantee do they offer on the puppies?
A good guarantee is usually 2 years of age, by that time a lot can show up. This is the most important question you can ask after the one about the hip certification.

If so what is required? For example, some breeders will require you return the dog to them for your replacement.
这个犬舍会对幼犬有什么保证吗?好的犬舍会给2年的保证,因为一只狗完全成熟就是在2岁。那时会体现出很多这只狗的问题或优势。这是最重要的问题之一。

如果有保证,需要什么?比如,这只狗出了问题,犬舍会需要你把狗退回去,再给你换一只。(换得那只是否有健康保证也难说。)

同样的,负责的犬舍也不会随便把狗卖出去。他们也会考核卖家。
我放一个犬舍问买家的Questionnaire:

Name(姓名): ______

Address(住址): __________

City城市: _____________________________

State/Zip州/邮编: _________________________

Home家庭电话: ____________________________

Work/Cell手机号: _________________________

Email: ____________________________

Purchasing Question:

Are you looking for a male or female puppy?

你想要一只公的还是母的幼犬?


Do you plan on picking up your pup (driving), flying to meet us at the airport, or having us ship your pup to you?

你希望亲自自驾来犬舍接狗、坐飞机来机场见我们,还是我们把狗空运给你?

Questions about you, the buyer: We kindly ask that you reply to the following questions -- these questions are not meant to be judgmental in any way. Please feel free to add any additional comments. Completion of this questionnaire is in no way a guarantee that a puppy will be sold/reserved to/for you.

下面的问题,不会作为定义你的条件。但是完成了这个列表,也不代表我们一定会把狗卖给你。



Number of members in your family?
你家有几口人?
Do you have children? (please include ages)/
你有小孩吗?几岁?

Are all members of your household away during the day?

白天时间,家里是不是没人?


How many hours a day will the puppy be alone?

幼犬每天要独自呆多久?


If so, what provisions will you make for your puppy at that time?
如果是这样,那段时间你会为幼犬做什么防御措施?


Does anyone in your family suffer from allergies?

你家有人对狗过敏吗?


Does anyone who lives in your home, or who is a frequent visitor, a smoker?
你家有人,或者朋友来拜访的人之中,抽烟吗?

Do you own a swimming pool?

你家有游泳池吗


If so, is it fenced separately from the yard, with no entrance under it?
如果是这样,栅栏是不是从草坪分开 ,没有任何入口?


Have you put a deposit on a puppy with anyone else at this time? If so who?
你是否已经在别的犬舍那里交了订金?如果是,请问是谁?


Do you own your own home or do you rent?

你有自己的房子,还是租房?


If you rent, does your landlord allow dogs?
如果你租房,你的房东允许你养狗吗??


Have you owned a dog before?
以前你是否养过狗?


What breed/type did you own and what happened to them?
你以前养过什么品种的狗?而且它们后来如何了?


Do you currently have any pets (and age)?

目前你家有宠物吗?年龄多大?


Will they adapt to another animal in the family?
它们能否适应家里有其他动物??


How did you decide on this breed?
你为什么决定养这个品种的狗?

Why do you want a puppy?
你为什么想要幼犬?

What will you do with the puppy if it does not work out for you?

如果这只狗没达到你的期望,你会如何做?


Do you agree that if at any time you are unable to keep your puppy or dog, for whatever reason, you will need to return the puppy/dog to Golden Reflection kennel and we will find place him/her in a suitable home?

你是否同意:任何时候你无法再继续养这只狗,无论什么原因,你会把这只狗送回我们犬舍。我们来为它找新家?

Where will your dog live?, Sleep?, Eat?, and Play?
你的狗会住在那?睡、吃、玩?


Do you have a fenced yard, or fenced exercise play area for your dog?
If not, are you willing to construct one of these before puppy comes to live with you?
你是否有一个带栅栏的后院,或者围起来的区域供你的狗玩耍?

Do you know that we will not allow a puppy obtained from us to be tied in any manner? Do you understand why we insist on this?
你是否知道我们不允许我们繁殖的幼犬,去跟其他狗繁殖?
你是佛明白我们为何坚持这样?


Do you understand that a puppy purchased from us must be a part of the family and not be a dog that lives outdoors all the time?
你是否明白,从我们这里买狗,必须是作为家庭的一部分
而不是作为一只一天到晚拴在户外的狗。


What Veterinarian do you plan to use? (Name, address, & phone number)
你打算用什么兽医?请给出名字、地址、电话。

Please list 2 references of people that know you, your family/work life, and any past relationships with pets (with address/phone #'s).

请给出任何两个了解你的人,知道你的家庭、工作、和以往养过的宠物
列出地址和电话

Do you plan on using a crate to help house-train your pup?
If not, how do you plan on house-training?
你打算用笼子来训练house-train吗?如果不,请问你打算如何训练?



Who will be responsible for the care, grooming, and training of your dog?
请问谁负责照顾、美容和训练你的狗?

Are you interested in doing any other type of training with your dog? (Obedience, Agility, Hunt Trials, Tracking etc.)
你对其他训练(服从、敏捷、打猎、搜索)是否感兴趣?

Briefly tell us about your family’s lifestyle, hobbies, and interests:
请简短完整的告诉我们,你的生活方式、兴趣爱好

Briefly tell us the attributes you would like your puppy/dog to possess?
简短的告诉我们,你希望你的狗能做到什么样子?


What do you expect from us, the breeders of your pup?
你因为什么期待从我们这里得到幼犬?是繁殖者吗?

Are you prepared to feed a premium dog food to your dog?
你准备喂狗高级狗粮吗

Do you understand that your dog must be neutered/spayed?

你是否理解从我们这里买狗,狗必须绝育?

Do you understand that we sell all our puppies on a non-breeding contract as required by the Golden Retriever Club of America, that it may not be bred unless this contract is removed by mutual consent?
你是否明白因为金毛犬俱乐部,我们的幼犬是不能随便在外繁殖的


If you decide to purchase a pet puppy from us, do you understand that the deposit ($300) that you give us to reserve a puppy for you is non-refundable (unless we do not have a puppy for you or the sex of puppy which you requested)?
如果你决定从我们这里买狗,你是否明白订金是300美元. 这是不退的。除非我们现在没有幼犬,或者没有你想要的性别

Do you have any problem with natural care and supplements for your dog?
请问你对你的狗,有别的有关护理和保养问题吗?

Will you allow a home visit by the breeder or breeder’s representative (if to far away) before a puppy is placed in your home?
请问你是否允许犬舍主理人或犬舍主人家访,在幼犬到你家之前?

Do you agree to all the conditions and state that the information provided by you is accurate and true?
你是否同意,以上所有的情况你所提供的,都是真实详细的?


Signed签名: ________________________________________

Dated日期: _______________
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